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COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Limited Access

Beginning Monday, March 23, McDaniel College Archives will be CLOSED until further notice. For help with reference inquiries, please contact the College Archivist (via Email or Research Request Form). For more information, see the McDaniel College COVID-19 Information Page.


Research Services: Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Manual of Style Citations

When conducting research in the Archives, note (when available) the collection name, number, series, box number, and folder number of the material you are researching. This information will be the basis of your bibliography and footnotes or endnotes.

Remember, you must acknowledge other authors’ works used in your paper, whether that is a direct quote, paraphrase, or idea.

Because there is no standard way to cite archival primary source documents, please consult with your instructor or publisher to determine their preference. The Chicago Manual of Style advises authors to fully identify whatever they cite, and to format citations consistently in their work.

The following are suggested examples for citing materials found in the McDaniel Archives based on the Chicago Manual of Style, Notes & Bibliography style.

For more general assistance with citations, please contact the McDaniel College Writing Center.

The basic components of a complete citation are as follows:

Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name, McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

Dorothy Elderdice (1892-1979) Papers, MS/2009.4, Series 1: Diaries (1903-1979), Box 1, Folder 1: Diary 1 (1903-1928), McDaniel College Archives.

Letters

Footnotes

  1. Letter, Sender name to Recipient name, Date, Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Letter, Sender name to Recipient name, Date.

Examples:

  1. Letter, Dorothy Elderdice to Her Doctor, September 20, 1956, Dorothy Elderdice (1892-1979) Papers, MS/2009.4, Series 4: Papers including Correspondence, Box 8, Folder 80: Correspondence and Notes (1920-1971), McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Letter, Dorothy Elderdice to Her Doctor, September 20, 1956.

Bibliography

Collection name, Collection number. McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

Dorothy Elderdice (1892-1979) Papers, MS/2009.4. McDaniel College Archives.

Unpublished Materials

Footnote

  1. Author, “Title,” Date, Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name, page number, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Author last name, “Title.”

Examples:

  1. Earl J. McGrath, “McGrath Study,” 1973, Western Maryland College Office of the President, Ralph Candler John Papers (1968-1985), RG26, RG26: Ralph John (1972-1984), Box B00094, Folder F0001050: McGrath Study (1972-1973), 248, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. McGrath, “McGrath Study,” 248.

Bibliography

Author. “Title.” Date. Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name. McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

McGrath, Earl J. “McGrath Study.” 1973. Western Maryland College Office of the President, Ralph Candler John Papers (1968-1985), RG26, RG26: Ralph John (1972-1984), Box B00094, Folder F0001050: McGrath Study, 1972-1973. McDaniel College Archives.

Published Materials within a Collection

When citing published materials within a collection, cite the published materials according to the appropriate Chicago Manual of Style form, and append the following information to the end of the citation for both initial footnotes and bibliographies:

Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name, McDaniel College Archives.

For following footnotes, cite according to the appropriate Chicago Manual of Style form.

Photographs

If there is a photograph number, you make want to make note of it for your reference, as some citation styles require this information if it is available.

Footnote

  1. Photograph, Description/Title/Subject, Date, Collection name, Collection number, Series number: Series name, Box number, Folder number: Folder name, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Photograph, Description/Title/Subject, Date.

Examples:

  1. Photograph, Dorothy Elderdice at 20 years old, 1912, Dorothy Elderdice (1892-1979) Papers, MS/2009.4, Series 6: Photographs, Box 8, Folder 80: Family Photographs, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Photograph, Dorothy Elderdice at 20 years old, 1912.

Bibliography

Collection name, Collection number. McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

Dorothy Elderdice (1892-1979) Papers, MS/2009.4. McDaniel College Archives.

Newspapers

Footnote

Accessed online:

  1. Author, “Article Title,” Newspaper Title, Date, McDaniel College Archives, URL, accessed on Date.
  2. Author last name, “Abbreviated title.”

Examples:

  1. Jay Whaley, “Honors to Man Behind the Scenes,” The Gold Bug, September 27, 1960, McDaniel College Archives, https://hoover.mcdaniel.edu/archives/FlipNP196061/, accessed on October 15, 2015.
  2. Whaley, “Honors to Man.”

Accessed in the Archives:

  1. Author, “Article Title,” Newspaper Title, Date, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Author last name, “Abbreviated title.”

Examples:

  1. Jay Whaley, “Honors to Man Behind the Scenes,” The Gold Bug, September 27, 1960, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Whaley, “Honors to Man.”

Bibliography

Accessed online:

Author. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title, Date, McDaniel College Archives. URL. Accessed on Date.

Example:

Whaley, Jay. “Honors to Man Behind the Scenes.” The Gold Bug, September 27, 1960, McDaniel College Archives. https://hoover.mcdaniel.edu/archives/FlipNP196061/. Accessed on October 15, 2015.

Accessed in the archives:

Author. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title, Date, McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

Whaley, Jay. “Honors to Man Behind the Scenes.” The Gold Bug, September 27, 1960, McDaniel College Archives.

Yearbooks

Footnote

Accessed online:

  1. Institution name, Yearbook title (City of publication, State of publication: Year), Page number, McDaniel College Archives, URL, accessed on Date.
  2. Yearbook title, Year, Page number.

Examples:

  1. McDaniel College, Aloha (Westminster, MD: 1960), 78, McDaniel College Archives, https://hoover.mcdaniel.edu/archives/FlipYB1960/, accessed on October 15, 2015.
  2. Aloha, 1960, 45.

Accessed in the Archives:

  1. Institution name, Yearbook title (City of publication, State of publication: Year), Page number, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Yearbook title, Year, Page number.

Examples:

  1. McDaniel College, Aloha (Westminster, MD: 1960), 78, McDaniel College Archives.
  2. Aloha, 1960, 45.

Bibliography

Accessed online:

Institution name. Yearbook title. City of publication, State of publication: Year. McDaniel College Archives. URL. Accessed on Date.

Example:

McDaniel College. Aloha. Westminster, MD: 1960. McDaniel College Archives. https://hoover.mcdaniel.edu/archives/FlipYB1960/. Accessed on October 15, 2015.

Accessed in the Archives:

Institution name. Yearbook title. City of publication, State of publication: Year. McDaniel College Archives.

Example:

McDaniel College. Aloha. Westminster, MD: 1960. McDaniel College Archives.