It’s very complicated and most resources talk about public vs. private performance and who is responsible for obtaining the license. This section of copyright law covers the limitations and exceptions: https://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html#110
What about filming content for a multimedia project or creating a documentary?
This can be very complicated depending on how far you are planning to go and how widely you distribute it.
This list was compiled by librarians Elizabeth Davidson and Andrea Briggs to help students locate possible reusable music or images for their course projects. When you locate something, make sure you check the details of each individual file or object to see if it allows your type of use. Follow all restrictions or sharing requirements detailed for everything you use in your project.